Reading strategy examples

Reading strategy examples

Here are some examples of Question Types

Fact or specific details

WH question words will show what kind of specific information to focus on. Answers are often people, places, things or times. 

View list of WH question words

Question words Meaning Example question Example answer
Who Person Who's that? That's Sally.
Where Place Where do you live? In Melbourne.
Why Reason Why do you go to sleep early? Because I have to be at
school at 8am 
(which is an early time).
When Time When do you finish school?

At 3pm.

How         Manner, method How do you go to school? By tram.
What Object, idea or action What do you study? English.
Which Choice Which one do you prefer? (choice of red or blue) The red one. 
Whose Possession, ownership Whose book is this? It's Alan's.
Whom Object of the verb Whom did you meet? I met the manager.
What kind/type Description What kind of music do you like?

I like quiet songs. 
(description)

I like rock music.
(style/genre)

What time Time What time did you come home? At 11pm.
How many Quantity (countable) How many students are there? There are twenty.
How much Amount, price (uncountable) How much time have we got? Ten minutes.
How long Duration, length How long did you stay in that hotel? For two weeks.
How often Frequency How often do you go to the gym? Twice a week.
How far Distance How far away is your school? It's 10km away.
How old Age How old are you? I'm 21.
How come Reason How come I didn't see you at the party? (Because) I was sick and didn't go.

Read the paragraph below, then answer the questions.

Their wedding cost over $50,000 and took a year and a half to organize, but Richard and Victoria Hammond now want to focus on their marriage.  Victoria, who is a professional wedding planner, explains thoughtfully that "I think many people expect the wedding to be the end of getting to know each other. I think it's the start."  Her husband, journalist and amateur racing car driver Richard, agrees.  "Both our minds are now fixed firmly on the future.  It was a wonderful wedding and an unbelievable day. However, our marriage is so much more important than the wedding."

The young couple has just returned from a two-week honeymoon spent in a real Scottish castle.  Both the newly-weds are big travel lovers and Richard hopes this will continue.  "I would like to go travelling as much as possible together."  Victoria has a great travel ambition that she might not achieve.  "I have always been fascinated by Africa and my real wish is to go on a safari.  Richard has no interest in wildlife though."

"At the moment, we are still living with my parents," explains Victoria, "so our first wish is to find our own place. We intend to start looking for a new house with all the modern conveniences in the suburbs next year." Both Victoria and husband Richard have a lot of siblings. "We plan on having two or three children ourselves," Richard tells me. "Victoria is just wonderful with children and I can work from home, which is just perfect."

1. What does Victoria Hammond think about her wedding?

View answer

She thinks that it’s the start of getting to know each other.

Victoria said: "I think many people expect the wedding to be the end of getting to know each other. I think it's the start."Note: Richard said: "It was a wonderful wedding and an unbelievable day."

2. How long has Richard Hammond been married?

View answer

Just over 2 weeks

The young couple has just returned from a two-week honeymoon.

3. Where did they go on holiday recently?

View answer

Scotland

Honeymoon spent in a real Scottish castle

4. Why will Victoria not go on Safari?

View answer

Because Richard isn’t interested in wildlife but they want to travel together.

Richard: I would like to go travelling as much as possible together.
Victoria: Richard has no interest in wildlife though.

5. How big is the Hammond family?

View answer

Big / large

Richard has lots of siblings. Therefore, you need to choose an adjective that describes the size.

6. Who will stay at home with the kids?

View answer

Richard

Richard: I can work from home.

For extra WH Question practice:

For Y/N Question practice

Definitions 

You explain the meaning of a word or idea based on the information in the reading. Look at the context – the words/sentences around that word. Sometimes the text contains a definition already. Look for words like this meansin other words and this is defined as. Examples in the text can also include a definition. Look for words like such asfor examplefor instance, and like.  

Read the paragraph below, then answer the questions.

Potato chip lovers in New Zealand could be in for a big shock. New Zealand is facing a possible potato shortage in the next few months. This means there could be a lack of potato chips until next year. Newspapers are calling this situation the "chipocalypse". They combined the words "chip" and "apocalypse" to make this new word. A possible chipocalypse is because of a very wet winter in New Zealand. This has affected potato growers. In some areas, a third of the potato crop has been lost. The wet weather has damaged the potatoes that are used to make potato chips. This means manufacturers will make fewer potato chips and prices for potato chips will be higher.

1. What is ‘shortage’?

View answer

Lack of something  

This means there could be a lack of potato chips until next year

2. What is a ‘Chipocalypse’?

View answer

Chip apocalypse 

They combined the words "chip" and "apocalypse" to make this new word. Note: you don’t need to explain what an apocalypse is for this answer.

Emotion / Tone / Attitude of Author 

What does the author feel about an idea, situation or topic? This can be shown through adjectives (description of a noun) and adverbs (description of an action/verb). You need to understand the difference between fact or the opinion

Is question 1 or 2 an opinion? How do we know?

1. Michael Jordan has a career average of 30.4 points per game.

2. Michael Jordan is the greatest basketball player of all time. 

Answer: Number 2 is opinion. Number 1 states a fact (30.4 points). Number 2 uses a superlative adjective (the greatest player) and has no fact to explain this idea. 

Circle the opinion words in questions 3–9: 

3. Prison is one of the worst places on the planet.

View answer

The worst (superlative)

4. It is wrong for people under the age of 21 to drink alcohol.

View answer

It is wrong (judgement)

5. Students have a lot harder time in school than the teachers.

View answer

A lot harder time…than (comparison without facts)

6. Popular music today is not as good as it was in the past.

View answer

Not as good as (comparison) 

7. Tom was unhappy at home.

View answer

Unhappy (adjective)

8. Sarah ran quickly home.

View answer

Quickly (adverb)

9. Lucy is a beautiful girl.

View answer

Beautiful (adjective)

For extra WH Question practice

Inference 

An inference is a way to understand ideas not directly stated by the author. Inference questions ask you to join the information from the text with your own knowledge/experience about the idea and then answer the question. 

Read this paragraph. What words help you make these decisions?

Every day after work Paul took his muddy boots off on the steps at the front door. Alice would go crazy if the boots were inside. He then took off his dirty shirt and trousers and threw them into a plastic garbage bag. Alice left a new garbage bag tied to the front door for him every morning. On his way to the bedroom, he took the garbage bag to the washing machine. He then went straight up the stairs to the shower as he was instructed. He would eat dinner with her after he was “presentable,” as Alice had often said. 

1. What type of job does Paul do?

View answer

Paul has a job where he gets dirty: gardener, construction worker, miner, labourer, etc. 

We know this because every day Paul's boots and clothes are muddy and dirty.

2. Describe Alice’s personality.

View answer

Alice is a very clean and tidy person. She also likes control, order and organisation. 

We know this because she requires Paul to follow a cleaning procedure (take off dirty clothes, take them to the washing machine, shower) and she gives him instructions (shower first, dinner second).

3. What relationship do Paul and Alice have?

View answer

They are husband and wife or mother and son.

We know this because they live together and eat together. Alice is a woman (her). Paul is a man (his, he, him). Alice could be a wife or mother because she gives Paul instructions and makes rules for the house. If Alice is the wife, then Paul is her husband. If Alice is the mother, then Paul is her son.

For more practice

12 March 2021

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