Now that you've finished reading Cohesion (Part 1) a hundred times, it's time to learn more! In this post we deal with the words that connect our words, sentences, and ideas together. These have many names depending on the book or person you're dealing with, so don't worry too much about what to call them; just make sure you understand how to use the different types. Today, we'll call them all 'linking words' then break them into other categories.
Why are they often called linking phrases?
A phrase is a group of words. Because many linking words contain more than one word, it's more accurate to call them phrases; however, using the plural 'words' has the same meaning in a way and is more familiar to a lot of students.
Are linking words the same in speaking and writing?
To some extent, yes... Cohesion is extremely important in English as we saw in the previous post on cohesion. In speaking, the linking words used can be a little more informal and nontraditional, whereas in academic writing, traditional rules are observed. In other writing it depends on the author's style as to how carefully they follow traditional grammar rules. Here, we'll focus on academic style (writing) and you can use all of these linking words in speaking, too.
Are there any other ways to connect things?
Of course, but we dealt with those previously in Cohesion (Part 1). To refresh your memory, it covered determiners, pronouns, and using synonyms or vocabulary to create a sense of flow, or good connection in our writing and speaking. If you don't get the joke below, maybe you need to re-read it!